Salmon Portland Chase was our Person-of-Mystery. He's a bit of a historical asterisk as far as I'm concerned (although perhaps more appropriately he should be remembered as a semicolon, as I'll explain later).
There are a few interesting things about his life. For starters, his name – Salmon Portland. He would sound more like a fish if the names were reversed, but I digress. If you think Salmon is an interesting name, his father was named Ithmar Chase, but Ithmar died when Salmon was nine years old, so Salmon was actually raised by his uncle, Philander Chase (an Episcopal Bishop).
Salmon P. Chase fit the early profile of a career politician, good schools, law school, and move to Washington D.C. In 1830 he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he continued to practice law. Then in 1835, following the death of his first wife, Chase became more sincere about his religious faith and became involved in abolitionism and the defense of fugitive slaves. Chase's position was that slavery was a state law and not federally supported, so if a slave left the jurisdiction of a slave state, he was then under the law of whatever jurisdiction he found himself.
His abolition work also found Chase a member of the Semi-Colon Club, a literary circle of writers in Cincinnati. It was the Semi-Colon Club that inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe to write Uncle Tom's Cabin.
(Harriet Beecher Stowe)
Politically, Chase had a mercurial career. Elected first as a Whig, in 1841, he became the leader of the Liberty Party in Ohio. In 1848, he led the effort to combine the Liberty Party with the Barnburners and in 1849 he was elected to the Senate on the resulting Free Soil Party ticket. By 1854 he was involved in trying to unite the Whigs with the liberal Democrats to form the Republican Party and was elected as the first Republican Governor of Ohio in 1856. He was a nominee for President in 1860, but could not gain enough votes and eventually swung his support to Abraham Lincoln. The same year he was returned to the Senate as a Republican, but resigned after three days to join the Lincoln Cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury. Under his tenure, the first federal currency appeared, and Chase had his face put on the money in an effort to further his political career. Although ambitious, he is also remembered for suggesting that "In God We Trust" be placed on our money.
(Chase on his $1 note)
Chase kept a diary during the Civil War years and his notes provide some of the best inside knowledge of the events around the Emancipation Proclamation.
(Lincoln Cabinet – Chase standing on left)
During his time under Lincoln, he continually tried to politically best Lincoln by thrice threatening resignation as Treasury Secretary. Following the 1864 election Lincoln finally accepted his fourth threat, but to appease the Radical Republicans, he nominated Chase to be Chief Justice of the Supreme Court after Roger Taney died.
Chase made an attempt to gain the Democratic nomination for the presidency in 1868, but was again passed over. In 1870, three years before his death he helped found the Liberal Republican Party. He died in 1873 while still serving on the Supreme Court.
From 1929 to 1945, the United States issued high-denomination notes - primarily used in bank transactions. Chase appears on the $10,000 note. Starting in 1969, these bills were removed from circulation, but 336 $10,000 bills remain in circulation today. I'm still hoping I accidentally get one in change sometime!